Saturday, April 16, 2011

Introductory Paragraph, Inferences and Prediction(1/3/2011)

1) One of the most important thing in your essay!
2) Purpose :
    a) Get the reader's attention
    b) Set tone for the rest of the essay
    c) Make a contract with the reader - What will be covered in this piece (reveal the thesis statement)?
3) Parts :
    a) Hook
        - Designed to grab attention immediately and give same indication about the essay's type
    b) The Transitions 
         - The relationship between the hook and the thesis statement.
         - Moves the reader from the hook to the driving force of the essay
    c) The Thesis Statement
         - Makes contract with the reader about what will be discussed without a blatant announcement.

Types of Hook 
1. Personal Example
   - Provides strong, dramatic incidents to use
   - Make up your personal experience, be careful that it sounds credible.
   - Honesty in expressing thoughts and feelings
2. Using Quotations
    - Dramatic, emotionally appealing, surprising, humorous
    - Does not have to be from a famous person
    - Must be relevant to the thesis statement
3.Using Facts or Statistics
   - Must be startling/unusual/bizarre
   - Must be from a credible source
   - Use journal as a place to record both quotes and tests or statistics that might work for an introduction
4. Rhetorical Questions
5. Current Events or News
   - Must be recent
   - Must be important
   - Should be made public by newspapers, television, or radio
6. Using Contrast To The Thesis Statement
    - In direct contrast to the thesis statement
    - It's fun to prove an expert wrong
7. Definitions

- What you think will happen based upon the text, the author and background knowledge
- An educated guess as to what will happen
- To make predictions BEFORE and DURING reading, you must ask yourself, what is going
   to happen next in the story  
- Answered by the end of the text or story

- Reading of all the clues and making your best guess.
- When you infer, you used all clues to draw conclusions about what is being read
- You infer DURING reading only

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