> Brainstorm ideas on the subject.
> Identify the main topics.
> Use these topics as headings for organizing your notes
> Decide which side you are on i.e. which arguments are most convincing. Make sure you choose the side
that you can fully support.
> Plan and write an outline for your essay noting down the information you will include in each paragraph.
> Introduce the topic with general statement.
> State why it is important.
> State there is a difference of opinion about this topic
> Thesis statement must state what YOUR claim is and can include the "parts" of the argument you are
going to state.
> Arguments for : The reasons "parts" of your thesis statements will be in your body paragraph.
> Give clear arguments for your claim with support. (examples, statistics, explanations, etc.)
> Use transition words as you move from paragraph to paragraph. ( Firstly, Secondly, Furthermore,
In addition, Moreover, Finally)
> You also can use any of the transitions from the other essay types as long as they are appropriate for
your argument. (You may want to compare/contrast things, give reasons/results, descriptions,
> This is also used to support your claim.
> Use the counter arguments to show that your idea is the stronger one.
> Do not focus only on the opposing ideas.
USEFUL WORDS AND PHRASES
a)When you can think of the opposing opinion but you have not seen it written anywhere :
could be claimed
It may be asserted that... However,...
might be argued
b) When you have seen the opposing opinion written in another text :
It has been asserted that.... However,....
> Restate the main claim.
> Present one or two general sentences which accurately summarize your arguments which support the
> Provide a general warning of the consequences of not following the premise that you put forward
and/or a general statement of how the community will benefit from following that premise.